how much should i feed my dog

Feeding Your Dog Right: How to Determine the Ideal Food Amount

How much to feed your dog depends on factors like age, weight and activity level. Dog food guidelines are a good starting point, but it's a good idea to calculate your dog's calorie needs for yourself.

As a veterinarian, the question, “How much should I feed my dog?” is one I encounter on almost a daily basis.

Ensuring the proper balance in your dog’s diet is vital for their health and overall well-being, so it’s a consideration that warrants careful attention.

Are you overfeeding or perhaps underfeeding your beloved pet? Either can result in serious health problems, so how do we find the sweet spot in serving sizes?

This article aims to guide you in determining the ideal amount of food to feed your dog, tailored to their specific needs. By doing so, you can effectively maintain their healthy weight and ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients for their well-being.

Factors Affecting How Much to Feed Your Dog

Ensuring your furry friend receives the appropriate amount of nourishment is vital for their overall well-being. Insufficient feeding may result in malnutrition, whereas excessive consumption can lead to obesity and heightened risk of health problems, such as arthritis. Striking the right balance is key to promoting their optimal health and happiness.

The amount of food to give your dog depends on many factors. Let’s look at each one in more detail: 

  • Age

    Puppies need more calories than adult dogs to sustain their rapid growth and higher activity levels; senior dogs may need fewer calories but higher levels of certain nutrients.

  • Activity level

    Take into account your dog’s lifestyle. Highly active breeds or working dogs need more energy intake compared to less active ones or those with sedentary lifestyles.

  • Body Condition Score (BCS)

    Scored from 1-9, this gives an indication on how over or underweight a dog is, with a score of 4.5 being perfect. Unlike using weight alone, BCS looks at a dog’s visible appearance and fat coverage to estimate how in shape a dog is. 

  • Breed

    Certain dog breeds have a tendency to become overweight, making it crucial to closely manage their dietary intake.

  • Neutering Status

    Neutered animals tend to have lower metabolic rates, making them more susceptible to weight gain if they are overfed.

  • Size

    Big dogs need more food than small dogs. But it’s not just about quantity – large breed dogs also need specific nutrients in their food to support their size and growth.

Always consult with your vet before making any drastic changes in your pet’s diet, as individual needs can vary widely among different pets, even within the same breed.

How Much Food Do Puppies Need?

Due to their rapid growth and high energy levels, puppies need more daily calories compared to adult dogs. The amount of food required is also influenced by the puppy’s breed, with larger breeds generally needing more calories than smaller ones.

To determine how much dry kibble or wet food your pup needs, a good starting place is by following the feeding guidelines found on your puppies food package. These guides are based on average requirements, so adjust according to your pup’s lifestyle (active dogs may need more), body condition (underweight dogs may also need extra), and any special dietary considerations advised by your vet.

Puppies will also need more frequent meals – you should split your puppy’s daily calorie intake into 3-4 meals spread throughout the day. From six months onwards, this can be reduced to two meals a day as they transition onto an adult dog diet; feeding your dog often enough is just as important as the amount of food you give them. 

But the amount of food is only part of the picture. Your growing puppy requires essential nutrients in their diet such as proteins for muscle development, fats for energy, vitamins, and minerals for strong bones and teeth, and carbohydrates for digestion support. According to the American Kennel Club, deficiencies in these areas could lead to long-term health issues; always choose a high quality puppy food over cheaper alternatives. 

Are Dog Feeding Charts Accurate?

Dog feeding charts, found on the back of commercial dog food packaging, provide a basic guideline for how much to feed your pet based on their weight. They are designed by manufacturers in accordance with standards set by the American Feed Control Officials. However, while a feeding chart can serve as an initial reference point, they may not always reflect your dog’s unique nutritional needs.

The feeding guidelines provided by dog food companies are often based solely on weight without taking into consideration the other important factors such as age, activity level and special dietary needs. 

The ideal portion size also depends on the type of dog food you’re serving; dry kibble generally contains more calories per cup compared to wet canned foods. Therefore, it’s important that you understand what constitutes a healthy weight for your pet and adjust their diet accordingly.

If you notice that your furry friend is gaining excess weight despite following the feeding chart or if they seem lethargic due to inadequate nutrition intake, then adjustments should be made accordingly. Ensuring your dog receives the appropriate amount of food is an ongoing process that may require periodic adjustments. 

Body Condition Score vs Weight

When it comes to maintaining your dog’s health, understanding the difference between their body condition score and weight is crucial. While many pet owners focus on the numbers on a scale, this doesn’t always provide an accurate picture of a dog’s nutritional status or overall health.

Body condition score (BCS) is a more holistic measure that takes into account your dog’s muscle mass and fat levels. This method allows you to assess whether your pooch has an ideal weight or if they are underweight or overweight based on their breed, be it small breed like poodles or large breeds like golden retrievers.

Feeding amounts should be determined by considering both the BCS and lifestyle factors such as activity level. It’s important to note however, that you should still use your dog’s weight as a feeding guide if you have a puppy. Body condition score is more accurate for adult dogs because their bones are fully developed. 

Maintaining a healthy weight involves regularly monitoring your pet’s body condition along with careful control over diet quality and quantity, all while adjusting according to changes in lifestyle habits over time.

body condition score chart

Use a Calorie Calculator

To keep your furry friend healthy, it’s essential to calculate the right portion size for them accurately. A calorie calculator like this one can help determine this amount better than the generic feeding chart provided by most dog food brands. 

A calorie calculator takes into account various aspects such as your pet’s age (growing puppy, adult dogs, older dogs), activity levels, neutering status and current body condition. These factors affect how much daily intake is needed for maintaining an optimal health state in accordance with American Feed Control Officials’ guidelines.

How Often Should You Feed Your Dog?

The timing of your dog’s feeding is just as important as the quantity.

Regular feeding helps maintain a steady blood sugar level in dogs which is essential for their energy levels. 

How often you should feed your dog depends on their age, activity level and general health status. Feeding twice per day, morning and evening, will work well for most adult dogs whereas puppies need feeding much more often, 3-4 times per day. Large breed dogs and senior dogs may even be able to get away with being fed once per day, but this is not always recommended. 

Avoid free feeding and instead stick to a regular feeding schedule. Dogs thrive on a predictable routine and this allows you to know exactly how much food your dog is consuming at any given time.

What about dog treats?

Dog treats not only provide a tasty reward for your pooch, but they can also serve as a valuable tool in training and reinforcing positive behavior. However, treats should not exceed 10% of your dog’s total daily caloric needs.

To maintain balance in your pet’s diet while still giving them the occasional treat, always read the dog food packaging on both their regular food and any snacks you purchase. You’d be surprised at how calorie-dense some dog treats are!

Monitoring Your Dog’s Weight

Working out how much food your dog needs is only half the battle. Your dog’s weight is dynamic and the amount of dog food they need will change as they get older and their activity level changes. 

Maintaining your dog’s ideal weight is essential for their wellbeing, and any sudden fluctuations may necessitate modifications to their dietary regimen. A unwanted change in weight could even indicate an underlying disease process.

Here’s how to best monitor your dog’s weight:

  • Weigh your dog regularly: Weighing your dog regularly helps track any significant changes over time. Small dogs can use a baby scale, while larger breeds may need a trip to the vet. Try and weigh your dog at least once a month. 
  • Assess their body condition score: Use the guide in this article to estimate your dog’s body condition score. Ideal is 4.5. If your dog is gaining too much weight then their BCS will go up, and they may need a reduction in their daily calories. A lower BCS indicates your dog is losing weight, so try increasing their meal sizes. 
  • Maintain nutritional balance: Another crucial aspect involves making sure that all essential nutrients needed for promoting optimal health are included within your dog’s meals. Even if a dog is getting enough calories, a lack of essential nutrients can still lead to weight loss. Use a high-quality dog food to prevent this issue. 

5 Signs Your Dog is Overfed

Is your furry friend looking a little too round these days? Here are some signs that you might be overfeeding your dog:

  • 1

    Weight Gain

    If your dog is packing on the pounds, it’s time to cut back on the kibble.

  • 2

    Change in Body Shape

    A rounder belly or thicker waistline could be a sign of overfeeding.

  • 3

    Increase in Appetite

    Dogs love food, but an increased appetite could indicate they’re used to being fed more.

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    Carrying extra weight can make your pup feel sluggish and less active.

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    Digestive Issues

    Overeating can upset your dog’s stomach, leading to diarrhea or constipation.

Even though your dog may appear happier at the prospect of being fed more, overfeeding can lead to some serious health issues, including obesity, digestive problems, and joint diseases such as arthritis. 


Feeding your dog the right amount of food is crucial for their health and well-being; by taking into account factors such as age, breed, weight, activity level, and nutritional requirements, you can ensure that your dog is receiving the appropriate amount of food.

Remember to choose high-quality dog food that meets your dog’s needs and avoid overfeeding or underfeeding. If you have any concerns about your dog’s diet or health, consult with your veterinarian. By providing your furry friend with a balanced and nutritious diet, you can help them live a long, healthy and happy life.


How much food should I feed my dog?

The amount of dog food needed depends on factors like age, weight, activity level, and breed, so check the dog feeding chart on your pet’s food packaging for guidance. For a more accurate measurement use a pet calorie requirement calculator online.

How much should I feed my dog per day?

An average adult dog needs about 30 calories per pound of body weight daily, but this could vary depending on their health status and lifestyle. Small and active dogs could need as many as 40 calories per day.

How do I calculate what to feed my dog?

To calculate how much to feed your pet, use their weight in pounds multiplied by the number of calories needed per pound, and consult with a vet for precise calculations.

How much dog food should a 60 lb dog eat?

A typical active 60lb adult canine might require around 1200 -1800 calories daily, which equates roughly to three cups of dry kibble diet.

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