how many times a day should a dog eat

How Often Should Your Dog Eat? [Updated]

In most cases, twice a day feeding will work best. But there are some other factors to consider.

As an experienced veterinary professional, I often get asked ‘How many times a day should a dog eat?’.

Well, the answer isn’t one-size-fits-all; it depends on various factors such as the dog’s age, size, breed, and activity level to name a few. 

In most cases, you should feed your dog twice a day. However, factors such as age, breed, activity level and health status may mean a different feeding schedule works best for your dog.

Whether you’re an experienced pet parent or a new dog owner, read on to learn everything you need to know about feeding your dog to keep them healthy and happy.

What Affects How Often a Dog Should Eat?

Determining the right feeding schedule for your furry friend is no walk in the park. How often dogs eat involves considering various factors such as age, breed, size, activity level, and overall health.

  • Age

    Puppies require more frequent meals than adult dogs due to their increased calorie demands for growth and development. A senior dog will often get away with fewer meals as they become less active in their old age. 

  • Breed

    Some breeds have a faster metabolism than others and therefore need feeding more often; large dogs typically require more dog food but less frequently than small dogs.

  • Activity Level

    Highly active dogs burn off calories quicker so they might need additional meals or snacks throughout the day to maintain their energy levels.

  • Health

    Always consider your dog’s overall health when deciding on meal frequency. Dogs with certain medical conditions like pancreatitis may benefit from multiple small meals per day rather than one large one. Similarly, diabetic dogs should only be fed when receiving insulin; feeding times can help regulate blood sugar levels, making this an essential part of managing these diseases.

How Much Should I Feed My Dog in a Day?

How much food to feed a dog is just as important as how often. The amount of dog food needed for your pet will vary depending on the factors mentioned above.

Typically, it’s advised to feed your dog according to their weight. The recommended portion sizes can be found on the feeding chart on your dog’s food packaging. However, this is only an estimate, and it doesn’t take into account factors like age, breed, activity level, and health. 

How much food dogs eat has a massive impact on their health, for better or for worse. Overeating can lead to excessive weight gain, which may be associated with medical issues such as diabetes or cardiovascular illness. While underfeeding can cause malnourishment, always feed according to the recommended amounts on the dog food packaging. 

A dog’s life stage has a big influence on how much food they need daily. Puppies require more calories per pound than adult dogs; once a dog reaches adulthood, their caloric needs decrease, but it will still vary depending on their size, breed, and activity level.

Avoid ad-lib or free feeding (leaving dog food out all day) since it makes monitoring intake difficult and often leads to overweight pets. Dogs thrive on routine, so stick with scheduled meal times!

This only scratches the surface of how much you should feed your dog – read our extensive guide for more information:

How often should adult dogs eat?

dog eating

I recommend feeding adult dogs twice a day, or every 8-12 hours. This helps prevent stomach acid buildup and keeps their digestion in check. Plus, it gives them something to look forward to!

Set meal times vs. free-feeding: There are two ways to feed your dog: set meal times or free-feeding. Set meal times can help regulate their digestion and make it easier to monitor their intake. Free-feeding may be more convenient, but it can lead to overeating and obesity in some breeds.

Size matters: Small breed dogs tend to have higher metabolisms and may need more frequent meals throughout the day. However, larger breeds should be fed smaller meals to avoid the risk of Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) or bloat – a life-threatening condition where the stomach twists upon itself.

Active dogs: If you have an active dog who spends lots of time exercising or playing outside each day, three-to-four smaller meals spread out through the course of the day might suit them better rather than two larger ones. This will help keep their energy levels up and prevent them from getting hangry during playtime!

Every pup is unique, so it’s important to speak with your vet to determine the optimal feeding schedule for your dog. 

How Often Should You Feed Your Puppy?

how often should you feed a puppy

A puppy’s energy supply is seemingly endless, but they need regular feeding to keep up with their high-calorie demands!

Puppies should be fed 3-4 times daily at intervals of 6-8 hours for proper growth and development. 

Having an optimal dog feeding schedule can also help with potty training. Consistent meal times can regulate your pup’s digestion and elimination habits, making it easier to predict when they’ll need to go outside.

Remember, overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health problems later in life while underfeeding can hinder proper growth and development. Finding the right balance is key. Always follow the instructions provided by the dog food manufacturer.

Feeding Your Dog: Finding the Perfect Schedule

When it comes to feeding dogs, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. Your dog’s diet should be tailored to their individual needs, including their breed, age, and activity level. So, how do you find the perfect dog feeding schedule?

Consider Your Dog’s Needs

First, think about your dog’s age and size. Puppies generally need to eat more frequently than adult dogs, while larger dogs may require larger portions, less often. Similarly, senior dogs will have different dietary needs than younger dogs. 

Next, consider your dog’s activity level. An active dog may need to eat smaller meals throughout the day to maintain their energy levels, while a more sedentary dog may do well with two larger meals.

If your dog eats too fast,  you may also want to consider switching to a slow-feeding bowl. This type of bowl slows down your pet’s eating speed, which can help prevent them from developing digestive problems and reduce the risk of bloat.

Choose a Regular Schedule

Once you’ve determined your dog’s needs, it’s important to establish a regular feeding schedule. This means feeding your dog at the same times each day, which can help aid digestion and keep bowel movements regular.

If you’re home most of the day, you may choose to leave food out all day for your dog to graze on. However, I’d recommend against this as it can very easily lead to canine obesity. Try and establish a good feeding schedule that works for both you and your dog. 

Portion Control is Key

Whether you’re feeding your dog wet or dry kibble, it’s important to measure out their food portions to avoid overfeeding. Always refer to the dog feeding chart displayed on your dog’s food for how much to feed your dog.

Your dog’s ideal weight should be taken into account when determining how much food they require. Your vet can assess your dog’s body condition to estimate their healthy weight. 

Remember, a good dog feeding schedule is all about consistency. By balancing the amount of dog food and feeding times, you can help keep your dog healthy and happy for years to come.

What Time of Day is Best to Feed Your Dog?

dog feeding schedule

Dogs thrive on routine and consistency, so establishing a dog feeding schedule that aligns with your daily activities is crucial.

Most pet owners feed their dogs twice daily – once in the morning and again in the evening. This is to match natural canine behavior as well as accommodate busy work schedules. However, each dog has unique needs based on factors like age, breed, size, activity level, and overall health.

If you have an active or working dog who spends lots of energy throughout the day, the American Kennel Club suggests considering an additional midday meal for them. Conversely, large breed dogs or older pooches with lower metabolic rates will do just fine with two meals per day.

Timed Feeding Method

One popular method of feeding dogs is the timed feeding method. This involves offering your dog a certain amount of food in one sitting and then removing any uneaten portions after a set period (usually around 20 minutes).

This allows for better control over the amount of food your dog is eating and prevents grazing throughout the day. It’s also particularly useful if you have multiple dogs and need to ensure they each eat the correct amount. 

How to Change Your Dog’s Feeding Schedule

Changing your dog’s feeding schedule can be a tricky task, but with a little patience and care, it can be done without causing any harm to your furry friend. Here are some tips to help you make the transition:

  • Gradual Changes

    It’s important to make changes to your dog’s feeding schedule gradually. A sudden shift in meal times can cause stomach upset, leading to discomfort and potential health issues for your pet. Start by adjusting their meal time by about 15 minutes each day until you reach the desired time.

  • Portion Control

    If you’re transitioning your pet from two meals per day down to one or vice versa, it’s crucial that portion sizes are adjusted accordingly. The overall amount of calories your dog eats in a day should remain the same.

  • Observe and Adjust

    Every dog is unique, so it’s important to observe how your furry friend responds during this transition period and make adjustments where necessary. With patience and care, you’ll find a routine that works best for both of you.


How many times a day should a dog eat? It depends on their age, breed, size, and activity level. Adult dogs usually need to be fed once or twice daily, while puppies require more frequent meals throughout the day.

Establish a consistent feeding schedule that works best for your dog and stick with it to keep them healthy and happy. And remember, proper nutrition is key to keeping your furry friend healthy and happy.


Is it okay to feed your dog once a day?

It’s better to split meals into two servings for better digestion, but feeding once an adult dog once a day can be okay too.

Is it okay to feed your dog three times a day?

Puppies often require three meals per day while adult dogs usually do well with two. Adjust based on your pet’s age and health. 

How much food should a dog eat in a day?

Check the guidelines on the back of your dog’s food to find out how much food and how many calories your dog needs. How much to feed will depend on your dog’s estimated healthy weight – your vet can assess this for you. 

What is the best time to feed your dog?

Morning and evening work best for most dogs’ natural rhythms, and consistency is key in maintaining healthy digestion. Find out the best feeding schedule here.

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